House Arrest with GPS Monitoring

The correctional system has the responsibility of supervising offenders sentenced for their crimes. This includes both incarcerated offenders, as well as offenders serving sentences in the community. To reduce our nation’s overcrowded prisons, the courts have been challenged with sentencing offenders to the community in lieu of going to prison using Intermediate Sanctions, otherwise known as alternative sanctions. 

What are the advantages and disadvantages of sentencing individuals to house arrest with GPS monitoring?

Advantages

  • Limited disruption to an individual’s life: Traditional incarceration significantly disrupts inmates’ lives. House arrests with GPS enable them to maintain a semblance of normalcy as they continue to rehabilitate.
  • Maintaining family and community ties: House arrests enable offenders to stay connected with their families, friends, and communities, which can have a positive impact on their emotional well-being and future prospects.
  • Reduced effects of institutionalization: House arrest reduces the risks of institutionalization, such as criminal influences, sexual immoralities, and exposure to violence, which can possibly lead to a cycle of reoffending.
  • Reduces incarceration costs: House arrest with GPS is often more cost-effective than conventional imprisonment. It avoids expenditures associated with correctional facilities, such as providing medical care, feeding, and housing convicts.
  • Reintegration into society: If the lawbreaker under house arrest poses a low risk to society’s safety, they can be allowed to resume their normal life activities like fulfilling family responsibilities, continuing education, and maintaining employment. This can facilitate their reintegration into society and lower the possibility of reoffending.

Disadvantages

  • Enforcement challenges: Monitoring a big number of offenders on house arrest can be straining to law enforcers, making it hard for them to respond promptly to desecrations.
  • Evasion and violations: The convicts may try to evade the GPS monitoring by interfering with the system or violating the conditions set for their house arrest. Evasion and violations can affect the effectiveness of the house arrest punishment.
  • Inadequate rehabilitation opportunities: Though house arrests allow some level of reintegration into society, they can lower access to rehabilitation services and programs available within ordinary correctional amenities.
  • Limited rehabilitation: While house arrest provides an alternative to incarceration, it may fail to address important issues that contribute to felonious behaviors, such as drug abuse and mental health problems.
  • Potential for unfairness: There is a possibility that house arrest sentences may unduly affect offenders who lack support systems, reliable internet access, or stable housing needed for successful completion.
  • Technological malfunctions: GPS system relies on technologies that may sometimes break down or produce erroneous readings, resulting in possible wrongful allegations of violations.

Should those convicted of sexual offenses be precluded from being sentenced to house arrest with GPS monitoring? Explain.

Individuals convicted of sexual offenses should be precluded from house arrest with GPS monitoring. Sexual offenders, especially those with predatory and violent behaviors, are often considered high-risk criminals and may raise public safety concerns. The community may believe that stricter forms of punishment, like imprisonment, are suitable to prevent the risk of reoffending. The severity of the punishment serves as a deterrent to people convicted of sexual offenses. If these people know they are bound to face detention rather than house arrests, they may be less likely to commit such delinquencies.