Fall World Studies

Determine the causes of World War I

The First World War began in 1914 and continued until 1918. During WWI, approximately 20 million people died or were injured, primarily due to trench warfare and the sheer number of nations involved. The causes of WWI are as vital to aspiring historians as the war’s effects. Although Archduke Ferdinand’s murder triggered the war, various other factors triggered the conflict (WWI), which include the following: European Expansionism where Tensions occurred as countries like Britain and France expanded their domains (Anievas, A. (2013). Several colonies were seized under coercion, causing conflict. The conquered states felt humiliated and resentful of their conquerors’ home countries. As the French and British possessions expanded, tensions rose. Next, Serbian Nationalism: Balkan Slavic Serbs wanted independence from Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. Thus they invaded Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878. In 1914, a Bosnian Serb executed Austria’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand, formally starting the First World War.

Analyze the changing course of World War I and the extent of the war’s effect on its participants 

After the First World War, the idea of abolishing the age-old institution of war became popular. It was a good idea at the perfect time. There is no evidence that the conflict was particularly long or devastating or had a far-reaching economic impact. It came after an unprecedentedly peaceful century in which even war zealots began to understand the virtues of peace. Mass anti-war protests preceded the first significant conflict; thus, the clash shifted popular views. The British war objectives and efforts to entice the US into the war played a shift.

Summarize the causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917, and evaluate the reasons the Bolsheviks prevailed

The February and October Revolutions toppled the Tsarist and Provisional governments, respectively (February Revolution). It was influenced by Russian politics, society, and the economy. The Russian people despised a dictatorship and a corrupt, out-of-touch government. Tsarist Russia’s industrial and agricultural expansion lagged behind the EU, leaving farmers and workers with limited options. Price hikes and food shortages sparked the Russian uprising. A lack of military supplies, logistics, and ammunition cost the Russians dearly in WWI, further tarnishing Nicholas II’s They thought he was a lousy leader.

Describe the aftermath of World War I and the new challenges the former belligerents faced afterward

World War I cost a lot of lives. During the war, about 16 million soldiers and civilians died. Heavies were cleaned out. Germany, the EU’s unquestioned leader, is still skeptical of a significant military role. It contributes less to European security than either the UK or France: in 2013, it spent 1.4 percent of GDP on defence, compared to 1.9 percent for France and 2.3 percent for the UK. In general, Germans despised war and vowed never to utilize their military for self-promotion again (Salsman, 2017). Berlin was at odds with its EU partners, particularly France and the UK, on Libyan deployment and Syria’s future engagement.

 Evaluate the extent to which the cultural and intellectual trends of the postwar years reflected the crises of the time and the lingering effects of war.

It’s still a contentious topic today, with different sides of the conflict emphasizing various aspects of the war. What is undeniable, however, is the magnitude of scientific, technological, and medical achievements made during the 1914-18 struggle and the revolution in social behavior that resulted as a result of those advances. The aristocracy had either been deposed or had its influence drastically reduced. The labor and socialist movements pounced on the chance to make significant gains, but fascism and communism did as well.

Reference

Anievas, A. (2013). 1914 in world historical perspective: The ‘uneven’ and ‘combined’ origins of World War I. European Journal of International Relations19(4), 721-746.

Salsman, R. M. (2017). The political economy of public debt: three centuries of theory and evidence. Edward Elgar Publishing.