English Communication Skills

  1. Reading Comprehension (10 Points)

Read the following passages and answer the questions that follow

Passage 1

These days, it is not unusual to see people listening to music or using their electronic gadgets while crossing busy roads or travelling on public transports, regardless of the risks involved. I have often wondered why they take such risks: is it because they want to exude a sense of independence, or is it that they want to tell the world to stop bothering them? Or is it that they just want to show how cool they are? Whether it is a workman or an executive, earphones have become an inseparable part of our lives, sometimes even leading to tragicomic situations.

The other day, an electrician had come to our house to fix something. We told him in detail what needed to be done. But after he left, I found that the man had done almost nothing. It later turned out that he could not hear our directions clearly because he had an earphone on. Hundreds of such earphones addicts commute by the Delhi Metro every day. While one should not begrudge anyone their moments of privacy or their love for music, the fact is ‘IPOD OBLIVION’ can sometimes be very dangerous.

Recently, I was travelling with my wife on the Delhi Metro. Since the train was approaching the last station, there weren’t too many passengers. In our compartment, other than us, there were only two women sitting on the other side of the aisle. And then suddenly, I spotted a duffel bag. The bomb scare lasted for several minutes. Then suddenly, a youth emerged from nowhere and picked up the bag. When we tried to stop him, he looked at us, surprised. Then he took off his earpieces, lifted the bag, and told us that the bag belonged to him and that he was going to get off at the next station.

We were stunned but recovered in time to ask him where he was all this while. His answer: he was in the compartment, leaning against the door totally immersed in the music. He had no clue about what was going on around him. When he got off, earplugs in his hand, we could hear strains of the song.

  1. Explain the term ‘earphone addicts’.

Answer– According to the passage, earphone addicts are people who are unable to live without putting on earphones.

  1. What reasons does the writer give for the people taking risks on the road?

Answer-According to the writer, people who take risks on the roads putting on earphones wants to enjoy their feeling of being independent, look cool, or to tell the world to stop bothering them.

  1. Why does ‘IPOD OBLIVION’ mean according to the text?

Answer– IPOD OBLIVION has been used in the passage to describe the attachment to earphones such that one does not take note of what is happening around.

  1. Why didn’t the electrician do the work properly?

Answer-The electrician had earphones on while he was taking the instructions on how to do the works, therefore he could not understand all the details.

  1. Why were the passengers in the Metro scared concerning the bag?

Answer-The passengers were scared thinking that the bag had a bomb.

Passage 2

One day, I took a taxi to the airport. We were driving in the right lane when suddenly a car jumped out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on his brakes, skidded and missed the other car by just inches! The driver of the other car whipped his head around and started yelling at us. My taxi driver just smiled and waved at the guy. And I mean he was really friendly.

So I asked, ‘Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and almost sent us to the hospital!’
This is when my taxi driver taught me what I now call the ‘The law of the Garbage Truck’.
He explained that many people are like garbage trucks. They run around full of garbage, full of anger, and full of disappointment. As their garbage piles up, they need a place to dump it and sometimes they’ll dump it on you. Don’t take it personally. Just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. Don’t take their garbage and spread it to other people at work, at home or on the streets.

The bottom line is that successful people do not let garbage trucks take over their day. Life’s too short to wake up in the morning with regrets, so ‘Love the people who treat you right. Forgive the ones who don’t’. This attitude will help you sail through life. There will be fewer jerks and bumps. Learn to take the bad with the good for life can never be perfect. Acceptance of what is, is the solution. Don’t react, just accept and you will be a lot more happy.
Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it!

  1. Give a suitable title to the story.

Answer-The law of the garbage truck.

  1. The narrator learnt an invaluable lesson from the taxi river. What was it?

Answer-The narrator learned that one should not let other people ruin his day when he has the choice of showing them love instead.

  1. What does word ‘garbage’ in the context of the passage mean?

Answer-According to the passage, garbage means anger and frustrations that people carry in their hearts.

  1. To what did the narrator compare the yelling driver?

Answer– The narrator compared the yelling driver to a garbage truck

  1. Give words from the passage that means the same as :

(Feeling of defeat / “…Don’t react”)

(To move briskly / “…a car jumped out of a parking space right in front of us”)

  1. Grammar (10 Points)
  2. There are (10) errors in the following extract. Detect the errors and fill out the table below with corrections

Each correct answer is worth half a point

 

Error Line Correction
1-provide One provides
2-it two them
3-courses four course
4-as six and
5-are also include seven are also included
6-shaping nine shape
7-We may repeat mistakes, but, at least, we…. one We may repeat mistakes, but at least we have…..
8-thoughtless three thoughtful
9-event five events
10-likely five the likely
  1. Rephrase the following sentences:

Each correct answer is worth 1 point

  1. Sorry, you can’t park your car here.

Answer- Sorry, your car can’t be packed here.

  1. Would you mind showing me around?

Answer- Can you show me around?

  1. I can’t wait to meet your family.

Answer- I am longing to meet your family

  1. New Zealand is not as big as Australia.

Answer-Australia is bigger than New Zealand.

  1. He gave me a piece of advice.

Answer- He advised me.

  • Vocabulary (10 Points)
  1. Give synonyms for the following vocabulary items.

10 Points (Each answer is worth 1 point)

Vocabulary Item Synonym
Fortunate Lucky
Motivate   Inspire
Beast Monster
  1. Give antonyms for the following vocabulary items.
Vocabulary Item Antonym
Prey Predator
Disinterested Interested
Enthusiastic Apathetic
  1. Add prefixes and suffixes to the following words
Prefix Suffix
Impartial speechless
Indirect   warless

Writing (20 Points)

  1. Write an essay of not less than 300 words on the value of showing compassion and respect towards others whether older or younger. .. (Copying from the internet gets you a zero)                                                                 20 Points

Introduction

Compassion is the feeling of sympathy, empathy, and care for the sufferings of other people (Klimecki & Singer, 2015). Respect on the other hand is the consideration of other people’s wishes, feelings, and rights (Friedman, 2018). These are two key virtues that every person should poses for a peaceful world. This essay will cover the value of showing compassion and respect towards other people regardless of their age.

We live in a society where people are divided into social classes (Manstead, 2018). Some people are making merry while others are suffering. One action of kindness and compassion could change the lives of those suffering. The social classes may also blind one than poor people should not be respected. However, respect is two-way traffic. The respect you accord to others is the same that you receive regardless of the age.

Secondly, learning from the history of man, there were times of war, destruction, and many social problems. In the world today, such crises also happen. This is brought around by a lack of compassion and mercy to others as well as disrespect (Klimecki O. M., 2019). A country will attack another due to a lack of compassion and respect for them. People kill each other mercilessly and without respecting their lives and those who depended on the deceased. Therefore, people should live with compassion and respect for each other regardless of their age, ethnicity, race, religion, or nationality.

Conclusion

From the above passage, it is crystal clear that most of the crises that we experience in the world can be solved if everyone resolves to have compassion and respect for others. It has also been seen that the social status or position in which one is should not determine how they treat other people. In conclusion, people should understand that to be respected, one has to respect others and to be loved and pitied, one has to be compassionate to others.

References

Friedman, C. (2018). R-E-S-P-E-C-T: The Relationship Between Being Respected and Quality of Life of Disabled People. In press, Disability Studies Quarterly, 1-39.

Klimecki, O. M. (2019). The Role of Empathy and Compassion in Conflict Resolution. Emotion Review, 1–16.

Klimecki, O., & Singer, T. (2015). Compassion. Leipzig, Germany: Elsevier Inc.

Manstead, A. S. (2018). The psychology of social class: How socioeconomic status impacts thought, feelings, and behaviour. British Journal of Social Psychology , 1-25.

 

Relevance & Originality Structure & Idea development Mechanics
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