Debates on Stress Coping

Lazarus’s cognitive approach suggests that the way you cope with stress is based on your mental process of how you interpret and appraise a stressful situation in which the level of appraisal determines the level of stress and the unique coping strategies used (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). According to Lazarus, there are specific events or stressors that influence an individual’s cognitions of an event, known as appraisals, and your coping strategies refer to your cognitive and behavioral efforts to master the stressful event (Franken, 2007). The primary appraisal assesses whether the situation is thrtening, and the secondary appraisal assesses how we should cope with the stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984).

Another most debated gender stress–coping study has been the topic of orientation regarding gender and stress. Stress theory is often used to explain the relationship between social disadvantage and health (Scheid & Horwitz, 1999). Stress theory provides a useful approach to understand the relationship between pervasive prejudice and discrimination and health outcomes, but the predictions based on the theory need to be carefully investigated (Aneshensel & Pearlin, 1987).

Another debate on stress coping focuses on role overload. Balancing both work and family often causes a role overload (Barnette & Gareis, 2008). Others see role stress as significant because it explains why women experience more stressful events and strain than men. Poverty also presents a risk for mental disorders for women; statistics show that those who live in poverty are at least two and a half times more likely to receive a mental health diagnosis than those who are not poor (Mossakowski, 2008).

Even if women as a group are not exposed to more stress than men, it is plausible that some subgroups of women—poor women, black women, and single women—are disadvantaged in significant ways (Acker, 2000).

In a 2- to 3-page analysis paper in a Microsoft Word document, address the following:

Do women and men have different coping styles for stress? Evidence with regard to stress and gender has been mixed for decades. Compare the coping styles for stress of both men and women. Support your reasoning with research.
Some argue that female gender groups are more stressed than lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) persons as a group. Some are of the opinion that lesbian and bisexual women are exposed to greater stress than heterosexual women because of added disadvantaged sexual minority status and that lesbian and bisexual women are exposed to greater stress than gay and bisexual men because of their added disadvantaged gender status. On the basis of your readings, experiences, and research, what are your findings?
Submission Details:

Cite all sources using APA format on a separate page.

Debates on Stress Coping

Do women and men have different coping styles for stress? Evidence about stress and gender has been mixed for decades. Compare the coping styles for the stress of both men and women. Support your reasoning with research.

Yes, women and men have different coping styles for stress. This is because women use coping styles that tend to change their emotional reactions to stressful conditions, whereas men use instrumental or problem-focused methods to cope with stress. Gender differences in how men and women handle stress can be why women have reported high psychological symptoms and distress of anxiety and depression compared to men (Gao, Ping, and Liu, 2020). On the other hand, men have been reflected with high prevalence rates of ancient depression.

 Additionally, a comparison can be made between different coping styles for stress among men and women. Women’s response to stress using a negative cognitive style has been associated with high anxiety and depressive symptoms compared to men who use a similar style (Bianchi and Schonfeld, 2016). Avoidance of cognitive style can be associated with increased depressive and anxiety symptoms in women over time and not men. Women undergoing depression are likely to report cognitive style for coping with stress, characterized by disapproval concerns compared with non-depressed men and women and depressed men. Therefore, the interaction between gender and handling stress can be associated with adverse effects.

Men tend to get involved in high-risk activities such as violence, drugs, alcohol consumption, and unsafe sexual activities while comparing different coping styles. On the other hand, women tend to seek aid and support from peers, friends, and health consultants about the problem to help them find a solution, overcome the problem, and relieve themselves from the emotional pain (Liddon, Kingerlee, and Barry, 2018). From the comparisons, we can conclude that speaking out about a problem and keeping entirely or being involved in undesirable acts are two different coping styles with stress. Involvement in undesirable acts worsens the problem than providing a solution. Thus, women tend to cope with stress quickly compared to men.  Due to the close association between the adverse effects and coping styles, women who use emotion-focused techniques in stress coping are exposed to a higher risk of anxiety and depressive symptoms than men who also advocate the same emotion-focused style and women who frequently use this style, while handling stress.

Based on your reading, experience, and research, what are your findings on female gender groups regarding stress?

From my reading, research, and experience, there are varied stress levels from one female gender to another. In bisexual and lesbian women, bisexual females experience more stress due to less social support and significant sexual minority (Ehlke et al., 2020). However, in heterosexual women compared to lesbian and bisexual women, we find that minority group is more stressed than heterosexual women. Bisexual and lesbian women are less advantaged due to their gender status.

Bisexual and lesbian women face discrimination in society; they get affected psychologically and even health-wise. These factors make them stressed and less advantaged within society, contributing to their mental health problems (Shearer et al., 2016). Additionally, heterosexual women also undergo stress though not much intense from the societal perspective, but from life experience and personal issues that any other person may be exposed to. However, due to the gender status of gay and bisexual men, visibility management has mediated societal discrimination concerning internalized homonegativity (Dawaele, Van Houtte, and Vinvke, 2014). It is essential to evaluate issues surrounding each type of gender group to conclude the most stressed factors, such as life situations contributing to mental health problems such as stress.

References

Bianchi, R., & Schonfeld, I. S. (2016). Burnout is associated with a depressive cognitive style. Personality and Individual Differences100, 1-5.

Dewaele, A., Van Houtte, M., & Vincke, J. (2014). Visibility and coping with minority stress: A gender-specific analysis among lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals in Flanders. Archives of sexual behavior43(8), 1601-1614.

Ehlke, S. J., Braitman, A. L., Dawson, C. A., Heron, K. E., & Lewis, R. J. (2020). Sexual Minority Stress and Social Support Explain the Association between Sexual Identity with Physical and Mental Health Problems among Young Lesbian and Bisexual Women. Sex Roles, 1-12.

Gao, W., Ping, S., & Liu, X. (2020). Gender differences in depression, anxiety, and stress among college students: a longitudinal study from China. Journal of affective disorders263, 292-300.

Liddon, L., Kingerlee, R., & Barry, J. A. (2018). Gender differences in preferences for psychological treatment, coping strategies, and triggers to help‐seeking. British Journal of Clinical Psychology57(1), 42-58.

Shearer, A., Herres, J., Kodish, T., Squitieri, H., James, K., Russon, J., … & Diamond, G. S. (2016). Differences in mental health symptoms across lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning youth in primary care settings. Journal of Adolescent Health59(1), 38-43.